Desk Top Studies


Desktop Studies are a non-intrusive and extremely time efficient method of first phase planning.A desk study is the collation and review of information already available about a site, and is carried out at an early stage of site appraisal to inform and guide the remainder of the site investigation.

Reconnoitery Exploration


The objective of the reconnoitery exploration is to  gather sufficient information to support a decision regarding further action. Reconnaissance activity is not a risk assessment, or a scoping survey, at a facility or site.

Its is a mission to obtain information by visual observation or other detection methods, about the geological characteristics of a particular area.


 A resource is that amount of a geologic commodity that exists in both discovered and undiscovered deposits.


 Reserves are that subgroup of a resource that have been discovered, have a known size, and can be extracted at a profit. 

Ores & Mineral


Ores are concentrations of minerals in rock that are high enough to be economically extracted for use. 

Minerals are naturally occurring inorganic solids with a crystalline structure and a definite range of chemical formula. A mineral is composed of the same substance throughout.

There are about 3000 different minerals in the world. Minerals are made of elements - either a single element or a combination of elements. There is 103 known elements. Elements are sorted into 8 groups.

Rocks are made up of 2 or more minerals. Minerals are required to make rocks, but rocks are not required to make minerals. 

All ores are minerals, but all minerals are not necessarily ores.


Mining is a process of extraction of ferrous and non ferrous or metallic & non metallic natural resources embedded within or lying over the earth economically. It is a 8 stage complex process that involves Discovery, Exploration, Evaluation, Permitting, Construction & Development, Excavation, Processing & Mine Closure, collectively referred to as Mine Life Cycle.